Hijab-Wearing Police Officers and Their Role in Community Policing
Hijab-wearing police officers have become a growing part of the policing landscape. However, there are some concerns over the role that these officers play in community policing.
Maryam Mohammed's career as a police officer
The Metro Nashville Police Department's re-introduction of religious head coverings to its ranks is a worthy change. After all, the head of the department - Deputy Chief Kay Lokey - said it's the best way to build trust and camaraderie between officers and citizens. Besides, the city's Muslim population has grown by 50% in the past four years. In fact, it's one of the largest Muslim communities in the U.S. Currently, there are three dozen mosques in the city.
Interestingly enough, there are no hard numbers on how many Muslim police officers there are in the U.S., and most don't wear hijabs. Despite this, the department says its biggest challenge is diversifying the ranks. This is a particularly difficult problem to solve, especially with the influx of Muslim immigrants from the Middle East and Africa.
However, the department did manage to make the most of its unique situation, announcing a number of small victories along the way. For example, the city's biggest hurdle is allowing Muslim police officers to wear the hijab in uniform. Another hiccup is ensuring that their female counterparts don't overpower male counterparts. Some departments, such as Baltimore, have a more explicit policy against religious attire. The department has also been proactive in implementing more technologically advanced and humane practices.
While it's impossible to say that the city has yet to take a wrong turn, the department will be better equipped to avoid similar mishaps in the future. Until then, a well-researched police officer is the best defense against the scourge of crime. Whether a person's faith plays a role in their decision to become a law enforcement professional is another matter altogether.
A zero-tolerance policing policy could lead to increased arrests for racialized people
It's no secret that minority communities have historically been tense with law enforcement. There have been cases of mistreatment during stops and frisks, as well as police brutality. Many people interviewed reported inappropriate arrests resulting from such encounters. However, recent research suggests that the standard of legality may not be always met.
In many communities, law enforcement officers engage in stop and frisk activities primarily to deter criminal activity. However, this has been shown to disproportionately impact minority populations. One study found that male adolescents were more likely to feel as though they were stopped based on their appearance, not their conduct. They also objected to police officers using racial slurs.
Stop and frisk is a controversial topic in many major metropolitan areas. But a thorough understanding of its negative effects is important to improve police-community relations.
In addition to ensuring that stops and frisks are conducted legally, police officers must be sensitive to communicating with citizens and victims. This is especially crucial in communities of color, where hate crimes are common.
Police departments should investigate the unique issues and challenges in neighborhoods and develop policies to address them. These policies should include accountability measures such as data collection and community policing. Additionally, they should consider training and officer performance.
If a school district wants to implement a zero-tolerance policy, it should first develop a department-wide policy. This policy should ensure that all officers are trained and understand how to carry out the policy in an appropriate manner. The policy should also emphasize the importance of implementing an overall vision of community policing.
Zero-tolerance policing policies have been widely criticized because of their sweeping definition of what is considered a weapon. For example, one of every six arrests in New York in 2012 was for "resisting arrest" or "obstructing governmental administration."
RCMP's uniform of red coats and hats encourages more Muslim women to consider the Royal Canadian Mounted Police as a career option
A recent human rights complaint has led to a change in Metro Nashville's recruitment policy for police officers. Previously, the department had no official policy for religious head coverings. In June 2017, MNPD Deputy Chief Kay Lokey took over the recruitment bureau. She hoped to make a mark in the predominantly white, male department.
In the context of racial profiling, the most important thing to note is that police should be required to wear body cameras. This can be done in addition to the other legal requirements that exist today.
Similarly, the most important thing to note is that criminal incidents are not necessarily limited to a single location or time. For example, a 27-year-old man was injured while pressing his head against a wall. The security guard may have acted on his intuition or on a stereotype. However, this does not mean that a man wearing a turban should not be able to seek redress with the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario.
Another example is a video that shows a female morality police member violently slapping a woman. Although the video is a hoax, it does show that police were watching out for the female.
It is also possible to make the case that the police should have had a more thorough pre-charge screening process. To do this, the department should have data specialists who are trained to gather such information. As well, the department should require senior managers to go through such training.
Using these recommendations, the city of Nashville can begin to implement a more effective policing model. Moreover, police departments should consider the following:
a) a mandatory pre-charge screening process; b) requiring police data specialists to undergo training; and c) prohibiting quotas. These measures are all backed by research.
Race-based data on traffic stops was consistent with racial profiling
A recent study by Kelsey Shoub, an assistant professor at the University of South Carolina, examined 14 years of traffic stops in North Carolina. Among its findings, it found that Black drivers were overrepresented in traffic stops. This disparity was not necessarily a result of racial bias. The authors suggest that it may be a reflection of a veil of darkness, a theory that suggests that traffic stops are more difficult to analyze during dark hours.
When light conditions change, the share of people of color stopped for non-moving violations decreases. Conversely, the share of White and Asian/Pacific Islander drivers increases. These disparities may reflect differences in driving behavior and vehicle condition, as well as accountability systems.
In addition to the overall racial disparities in traffic stops, the authors found that black and Latino drivers were searched more frequently than white drivers. Search rates are also higher for Black and Latino drivers during the late evening.
For most traffic stops, officers must record information about the identity characteristics of the individuals they stop. These data are based on what officers perceive the individual to be. Some of the characteristics that officers use to infer the race of a person include their age, gender, and the vehicle's condition. Although these factors do not affect the likelihood of a stop, they do affect the outcome of the stop.
Several high-profile police-involved deaths have been attributed to traffic stops involving black and Latino drivers. It is important to note that this is only a small portion of all traffic stops.
In addition to racially disparate treatment, some traffic stops involve the detaining or searching of individuals without prior warning. While this is a relatively small number, the authors find that Black and Latino drivers are searched at a rate higher than that of White drivers.
New Zealand Police try to encourage more Muslim women to become police officers
In the wake of the Christchurch terror attack in March 2019, New Zealand police are trying to recruit more Muslim women to join their ranks. The introduction of a hijab as part of their uniform is just one of many ways the department is making this happen.
A new recruit named Zeena Ali is the first woman to wear the hijab while on duty as a police officer. She is a native of Fiji and decided to become a cop after the attacks. Her goal is to inspire other women to follow suit.
To help with this, the New Zealand Police worked with a team of designers to develop a functional and stylish hijab for their uniform. They consulted with Massey University's School of Design to develop the garment.
This new garment is not only functional but also designed to promote harmony in the Islamic community. It includes magnetic buttons that allow for quick release should a suspect grab on.
Although the National Police Service's new uniform isn't the only law enforcement uniform to include a hijab, it is the most comprehensive. Another department, the Scottish police, has been trialling the use of anti-grab hijabs.
Constable Zeena Ali is the first Muslim woman to wear the hijab while on the job. She hopes this will inspire other Muslim women to pursue a career in policing.
While many non-Muslims support the hijab, some critics see it as a sign of female oppression. Some countries, including France and Germany, have banned the wearing of the headscarf. Despite these challenges, the hijab is a sign of respect for Islam and Muslims.
Zeena is a member of the Muslim community and is proud to serve her country. She was motivated to join the police force after the Christchurch terrorist attacks.