Indonesian Prayer Dresses - Find the Perfect Fit and Style
If you're planning a visit to Indonesia, you may be interested in learning more about the country's religion and culture. One area you may want to learn more about is the prayer dress. These dresses are worn by women during religious ceremonies.
jilbab rules affect female civil servants
Many Indonesian women are forced to wear the jilbab. It is a type of head covering that covers the chest, neck, and head. The jilbab has become a symbol of conservative religious values in Indonesia, and many female Muslim workers and civil servants are forced to wear it at work.
Indonesia's mandatory jilbab requirement fails to meet the test of equality and freedom of religion. In fact, it is an assault on basic human rights, as well as a violation of the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), a UN document that guarantees equal rights for men and women.
The jilbab rule was part of a wave of political reforms in Indonesia, which was prompted by a conservative religious movement. This political change has been carried out through the creation of local governments, which have been empowered to regulate education and civil service.
Local governments have passed numerous bylaws and regulations that force women to wear a jilbab. A recent study by the Alvara Research Centre on the state of religion in Indonesia found that more than 60 local governments have bylaws that require women to wear a jilbab in public.
The Indonesian government opened the door for Sharia-inspired regulation of female dress in schools in June 2014. A national regulation requiring all female Muslim school students to wear a jilbab was issued by Education and Culture Minister Mohammad Nuh.
Gestures in Indonesian prayer dresses
The hand is still king in Indonesia, and gestures play a big part in their social interactions. Whether you are visiting the country or living there, you should know some of the more noteworthy hand gestures. You should also be aware of the circumstances in which they are most likely to be used.
For example, if you are in the company of a woman, you should not shake her hands. This is because the proper way to do this is to wait for her to initiate it. Also, you should not touch her unless she is engaged or you are married to her. On the other hand, you should be very careful not to make any rude or obscene gestures.
The best way to greet someone in Indonesia is to say hello. Using the correct greeting in the right context is always appreciated, and you might even win the favor of the person you are saying it to. It is a good idea to learn the etiquette for greetings before you head out into the world.
A salutation or formal greeting might include a nod to the emperor accompanied by a kiss on the cheek. In addition, a handshake is not a bad idea. Though it may be unusual to see a handshake without a firm grip, it is still a common practice.
In general, Indonesians are a family-oriented society that places great emphasis on social harmony and group interaction. Although they are a plethora of different ethnic groups, they are all very much alike in their values and beliefs. Despite this, they have their own distinctive customs. Some of these customs are found only in specific areas of the country, while others are a cross-country affair.
Religions in Indonesia
Indonesia has a diverse range of religions. A majority of Indonesians are Muslims. There are also Buddhists, Hindus, Christians, and minority religions such as Ahmadiyya and Evangelicals. Non-Muslims also enjoy religious freedom.
The resurgence of Islam in Indonesia played a key role in the independence movement. Religious pilgrimages strengthened Indonesia's ties with the Middle East. Eventually, the religion evolved into a syncretistic blend of traditional and new beliefs. However, Islam is still an important influence in Indonesia's modern political life.
The country is home to hundreds of indigenous religions. Traditionally, these groups were not affiliated with any particular political party. In the post-Soeharto era, Christianity managed to establish a political presence.
The Indonesian government has recognized two main Christian divisions. One is based on Catholicism and the other is Protestantism. Each group has its own national council.
In addition, the Indonesian state recognizes six official religions. These are Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity.
Many religions in Indonesia are not recognized by the state. Some are even illegal. As a result, minority religions often face legal discrimination.
The blasphemy law is strict. It can carry prison terms of up to five years. Furthermore, the government does not recognize agnosticism.
A recent court case, however, has shown that Indonesia's blasphemy law can be overturned. This may not be the case for other forms of religious expression.
Indonesia's national motto, "Unity in Diversity," is a reflection of the diversity of religions in the country. Several conservative Muslim groups have been aggressive in imposing strict laws against minorities, such as blasphemy.
Clothing in a hot and humid climate
Among the many things Indonesia has a claim to fame, sweltering temperatures may be one of them. Although the temperature ranges from minuscule to sweltering, the average temperature is relatively constant throughout the year. The humidity is a tad bit on the high side, but on the low end of the scale. For instance, on a sweltering day in Jakarta you can expect to see a temperature reading between 80 and 90 degrees. On the colder end of the spectrum, you might find a temperature reading of 50 degrees or more. So while a tan might not be in the cards, keeping cool is the name of the game. This is especially true for women. While Indonesia does not have a sexless utopia, you can find a fair number of women who are just as keen on fashion as their male counterparts. If you have the good fortune of spending some quality time in the city, you will be pleasantly surprised by the number of women you will come across.
One of the best ways to avoid being a sweaty mess is to wear a shirt or two. If you must wear a dress, a light weight cotton or linen shirt is the way to go.
ICCPR and Indonesia's jilbab regulations fail
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) guarantees that women and men should be able to enjoy equal rights. However, Indonesia's mandatory jilbab regulations violate this right.
These regulations are part of a conservative political movement in Indonesia. The compulsion to wear Islamic clothing, or jilbab, is an assault on freedom of expression, privacy, and personal autonomy.
Several Indonesian provinces have passed laws requiring women to wear jilbabs. They can also be found in local government ordinances. In some provinces, such as Yogyakarta, there is no law requiring a jilbab.
Aside from the ICCPR and other international human rights treaties, Indonesia has its own domestic constitution that guarantees women equal rights. Despite these legal protections, female civil servants have been forced to leave their positions.
Similarly, many girls are forced to wear jilbabs in schools. School authorities use public humiliation and peer pressure to encourage girls to comply with the jilbab rule. Girls who don't comply are usually forced to leave school.
This has led to a series of complaints. In one case, a university lecturer was forced to wear a jilbab to teach. She said the billboard on campus symbolized the attitudes she had to deal with. Consequently, she resigned in March 2020.
Other government departments in Indonesia require female civil servants to wear jilbabs. There is also a requirement for Muslim female civil servants to wear a niqab in government offices.
Traditional dance costumes do not include a jilbab
Traditional dance costumes in Indonesia are not all about jilbabs. Instead, many Indonesians have been trying to "modify" Javanese dance costumes in order to meet Islamic modesty regulations.
Kebaya, the open-faced scarf, and the peci, the hat, are some of the more notable Indonesian traditional outfits. The kebaya is a traditional dress worn by women in the country, while the jilbab is a scarf used by men. However, Indonesians have a mixed feelings about veils.
The kebaya was first worn by Indonesian women in the 15th or 16th century. At that time, it was considered to be a symbol of national patriotic pride. Although not widely worn by the common man, it was an essential part of the wardrobe of the royal family and Indonesian nobility.
There are more than 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia, each with their own traditions and clothing style. A number of women wear kebayas while others opt to wear the hijab, or Muslim veil.
A sarong is a wrap-around skirt that is popular in Java and Sumatra. These garments are usually made of batik fabric, which is a type of dyed cloth. It is often decorated with embroidery. In addition to the sarong, Indonesian men also wear shirts and pants that are made of batik.
Traditionally, the kebaya was worn with a sarong. The kebaya and sarong have been worn by European and Asian women as well as women in Indonesia.